Encyclopedia of Chinese Symbolism and Art Motives by C.A.S. Williams pg 140 1960
- lists same symbolism as Cooper
- sometimes called typhoon-fly, apparently due to large numbers present before storms
- slang term translates as "Old Glassy" based on appearance of wings
Navaho Indian Ethnoentomology by L.C.Wyman and F.L.Bailey pg 144 1964
- symbolic of pure water
Insects in Art and Religion: The American Southwest by J.L. Capinera
article published in the American Entomologist Winter 1993, pg 221-229
- this article obviously discusses more than dragonflies - some Mimbres designs are shown, interestingly with significant antennae
Navaho Indian Ethnoentomology by L.C.Wyman and F.L.Bailey pg 144 1964
- used in some drypaintings (often called sandpaintings) from Navaho ritual ceremonies
- often shown around the center of a symbolic pool of water
particularly in Shootingway complex paintings
also in Hailway, Waterway, Mountain-top-way and Beautway paintings
- main theme figures in Mountain-top-way (Shootingway branch) and Plumeway
- differentiating characteristic of representation is the spotting on the body
- Plate IV presents examples of stylistic variations
Japanese Folklore in English by Masa Ohta volume 5 page 42-45
This short story, titled ``Dragonfly Millionaire'', concerns a poor farmer who fell asleep after tilling his fields. While asleep, he dreamt of a superior quality sake nearby. While he was dreaming, his wife had seen a dragonfly dipping its tail into his mouth several times. Near the rocks where the dragonfly had been they found a small stream that tasted like sake.
Ancient Tales in Modern Japan an anthology of Japanese folktales by Fanny Hagin Mayer page 82-83
This story, titled ``Dragonfly Choja'' is a shortened version of ``Dragonfly Millionaire'' by Masa Ohta.
A Japanese Miscellany
by Lafcadio Hearn, pages 81-121
interesting folklore, descriptions, drawings and haiku with comments and translations
The dragonfly, now called "tombo" in Japanese, used to be called "akitsu". Japan was once called Akitsushima meaning "The Island of the Dragon-fly".
Songs They Sang in Ancient Japan by Noah Brannen and William Elliott
c 1995, Heine/Japan
See Poem 98. The earliest source of Japan's poetry is the Kojiki, the first chronicle of the Japanese nation compiled in 712 A.D. and based on older oral literature. The authors, in Poem 98, relay the story of the Emperor being bitten by a horsefly which was subsequently eaten by a dragonfly. In honor of the dragonfly, he named Japan (Yamato) the Isles of the Dragonfly.
Symnet - newsletter of the
Aka-tombo network (scan issues for Japanese folklore about Red Dragonfly)
includes Secret stories about the song of "Aka-tombo" by Shigeo Eda
includes Run after the seasons of Akatombo by Tetsuyuki Ueda - dragonfly haiku
I just picked these two but there were a number of others.
Animal Stories from Bellona Island (Mungiki) by Rolf Kuschel
pg 110-111 c 1975 pub. by National Museum of Denmark
The firefly wanted a drink but was unwilling to go about during the daytime. If they went at night, his friend the dragonfly could light the way with his lantern. The firefly drank first, and then the firefly held the lantern for the dragonfly. The firefly ran away with the lantern, leaving the dragonfly in the dark. Because of the theft, the dragonfly now sleeps at night, and lives in and near the water. The firefly roams at night, his way lit by the stolen lantern. (Bellona Island is a raised atoll in the Solomon Islands.)
Martin Peterson's page - follow link for some European folklore
Why Snakefeeder? Why Dragonfly? Some Random Observations on Etymological Entomology by B.E. Montgomery
in Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 82, pg 235-241 1972 - includes 95 English and 23 Celtic names for the Odonata
- names grouped into 23 categories, the largest of which is associated with snakes
- English names include Jacky breeze, heather-flee, balance fly, and water dipper
- Celtic names include spearadoir (in English, mower) and snathad mor na sciathain (in English, big needle of the wings)
CED1: Two Odonata Citations in Ancient Mesopotamian Literature
Dictionary of Philippine Folk Beliefs and Customs by R. Francisco and S. Demetrio pg 201
c 1970 (Xavier University Cagayan de Oro City, Modern Press Pasay City)
If a dragonfly is tied on one's hair he/she becomes crazy.
Ancient Tahiti by Teuira Henry pg 391
c 1928 (Bernice Bishop Museum - Bulletin 48)
``All insects were regarded as mysterious agents of the gods and spirits, notably, butterflies, moths, crickets and dragonflies......
The dragonfly was the shadow of Hiro, god of thieves. It was a god that flew and halted before and behind. It was carried by thieves in their chothes, so that when they entered the dwelling of those they wished to rob, they let the dragonfly go, and it dazed the inmates so that they did not notice that they were being robbed.''
The Dragon-fly by Alfred Lord Tennyson apparently from ``The Two Voices''
Dragonfly in Haiku by M. Kiauta
in Odonatologica 15 pg 91-96, 1986
- includes a discussion of dragonflies as a seasonal theme and symbol in China and Japan
Insectlopedia by Douglas Florian
c 1998 (ISBN 0-15-201306-7)
- a collection of original art and poems with the dragonfly on pages 8 and 9.
Heart of the dragonfly: historical development of the cross necklaces of the Pueblo and Navajo peoples by Allison Bird
c 1992 (ISBN 0-936755-20-2)
The author shows how the crosses brought by the missionaries were incorporated into the cultures and designs of the Native Americans of the southwest deserts. Their ready acceptance lay to some extent in its symbolic connection, particularly the double-barred cross, to the dragonfly, an important insect in Zuni lore.
Dragonfly Brooches by R.K. Liu (Ornament Summer 1997 page 24-25)
This short article comments on the dragonfly as a motif in jewellry. There are several nice pins shown, including the one available in the link above. In addition, there is a picture of a beautiful carved boxwood netsuke, showing a damselfly and its reflection in water.
Jeweled Bugs and Butterflies by Marilyn Nissenson and Susan Jones
c 2000 (ISBN 0-8109-3523-6)
This is a great book featuring many fine color photographs of examples of insect jewelry through the centuries. Dragonflies have their own chapter with some very nice examples.
American Indian Art by Norman Feder
(1995 Edition) pub. by Harry N Abrams Inc.
On pg. 72 in a discussion about carved stone pipes and pipe stems Feder says, ``Teton Sioux specialize in shallow relief carvings of deer, turtles, sheep, elk and dragonflies.'' Black and white plate 45 pictures a carved wooden pipe stem, collected in 1900 and catalogued in the Denver Art Museum as item number PiS-25, which has a dragonfly carved in low relief. The accompanying note says that the pipe stem has the typical form of a Sioux pipe stem.
A Field Guide to Rock Art Symbols of the Greater Southwest
by Alex Patterson
c 1992 Johnson Books (ISBN 1-55566-091-6)
Rock art images from the Hopi Mesas in Arizona, Zion Nation Park in Utah, and kiva murals in the Awatovi and Kawaika-a ruins in Arizona are shown. (The kiva images are from Kiva Mural Decorations at Awatovi and Kawaika-a by Watson Smith pg 218-220 c 1952 pub. by the Peabody Museum, Cambridge, Mass.) In general, a dragonfly is represented by a vertical line with two, or occasionally one, horizonal cross line. The lines are sometimes fleshed out, and the bodies sometimes have dot-like heads. The first dragonfly image shown by Patterson looks to me more like that of the water skate (or water strider) shown later in the book.
The Mythic World of the Zuni by Frank Hamilton Cushing (1865-1900)
edited and illustrated by Barton Wright pg 151-152 c 1988
pub. by University of New Mexico (ISBN 0-8263-1387-6)
Dragonflies are shamanistic creatures with supernatural powers. Images are most often found on altars, pottery and petroglyphs. The Zuni Indians are Pueblo Peoples of the American Southwest (New Mexico).
Denver Museum of Natural History 2001 Colorado Blvd., Denver Colorado USA 80205
The museum sells a very nice dragonfly-patterned silk tie, produced for the opening of its ``Prehistoric Journey'' exhibition. If you are there, check out the exhibit. There is an interesting movie clip of a dragonfly in a wind tunnel. There is also a model used to study the dynamics of dragonfly flight.
There are several prehistoric-sized dragonfly models hanging in the dining area at the Desert Museum in Tucson Arizona.
Time Before Morning - Art and Myth of the Australian Aborigines by Louis Allen
c 1975, Thomas Crowell Co.
On page 91, there is a picture showing the dragonfly after creation by Mudungkala. The story of Mudungkala related in the text is from the Tiwi tribe of Bathurst and Melville Islands.
Origami Insects and Their Kin by Robert J. Lang
c 1995, Dover (ISBN 0-486-28602-9)
Are you up to the challenge? In 92 paper-folding steps you can construct an origami dragonfly. (I haven't tried yet, but I am intrigued.)
Bees, Bugs and Butterflies by Judith Simons
c 1996 (ISBN 1-85967-282-5)
- a short introduction discusses the history of insects in art and jewellry - of particular interest is an opalescent glass bonbonniere with dragonflies
- 20 insect and spider craft projects
- specific dragonfly projects include dragonfly-print box, embroidered dragonflies, and mosaic dragonfly plaque
- the other projects can be adapted for dragonflies if desired
A most exclusive preserve by Norman Moore
in New Scientist 13 pg 64, 1987
a brief report on a dragonfly sanctuary set up in Japan
Please feel free to send additions to my cultural list to me and thanks!
Ron Lyons(volunteer 1990-1999)